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Mastering the Moscow Mule Cocktail

One of the most popular cocktails across America, the Moscow Mule is having a moment more than 80 years after it was invented. Discover the drink’s storied history and learn how to craft the classic vodka cocktail at home in just three minutes.

Moscow Mule from Above

The Moscow Mule may be the most distinctive cocktail in the world.

Typically served in a textured copper mug, the vodka cocktail makes a statement as soon as it hits the bar. There’s no question about what’s inside the mug since it’s obviously a Moscow Mule cocktail. The mug and the drink go hand in hand.

And, because the Moscow Mule recipe is so succinct and balanced, there’s also no question that the cocktail will likely taste good. Very good.

What Is a Moscow Mule?

Moscow Mule with Straw on Ledge
We crafted this Moscow Mule in our Lisbon apartment.

If you’re a cocktail fan, then you’ve probably imbibed a Moscow Mule or two during drinking outings in your home town. But do you know the mechanics of the beloved drink?

In simple terms, a Moscow Mule is a vodka buck that combines the simple, clear liquor with spicy ginger beer. Bartenders add fresh lime juice to complete the Moscow Mule’s recipe before serving the classic cocktail in its signature copper mug.

Are Moscow Mule Mugs Necessary?

Moscow Mule with Two Straws
Moscow Mule mugs can be used for all sorts of drinks beyond their intended purpose. More often than not, we fill ours with Moscow Mule cocktails.

Asking if a Moscow Mule tastes as good in a different vessel is like asking if a rose by any other name would smell as sweet. The answer is yes… sort of.

You’ve probably had that disappointing moment when you’ve ordered a Moscow Mule and it arrives in a highball glass instead of a copper mug. Sure, the drink still tastes good but the experience is not quite the same. We’ve been there and done that too.

So, while you can certainly craft and drink Moscow Mule drinks in highball glasses at home, we say splurge and buy a couple Moscow mugs. While the mugs will cost about the same as a bottle of decent vodka, you’ll enjoy them long after the vodka bottle makes its way to the recycling bin.

As a bonus, these copper mugs will keep your drink refreshingly cold until you take your final sip.

Click here to buy two Moscow Mule mugs from Amazon.

History of the Moscow Mule

Moscow Mule with straw from Above
Ironically, the Moscow Mule wasn’t invented in Moscow and doesn’t have a direct connection to its stubborn animal namesake.

We’d like to tell you a story about how the Moscow Mule was invented in Russia and eventually made its way to America via spies escaping the cold war with the recipe strategically hidden in their cargo. But, alas, that story is a fantasy.

The Moscow Mule’s actual origin story doesn’t involve Moscow at all. Instead, cocktail historians trace the drink’s creation to 1939 when Smirnoff’s president John G. Martin collaborated with Jack Morgan, the owner of Los Angeles bar Cock ‘n’ Bull. The duo created the Moscow Mule recipe using two ingredients that Americans had yet to embrace – vodka and ginger beer.

As it turns out, combining vodka and ginger beer and adding fresh lime juice worked better than Martin and Moran likely expected. But they didn’t stop there – the alliterative duo went the extra step by serving their drink in a copper mug and giving it an exotic name inspired by vodka’s homeland.

Moscow Mule Ingredients

Moscow Mule Ingredients
Besides crushed ice, these are the only ingredients and tools that you’ll need to craft a Moscow Mule at home.

Despite the drink’s sophisticated, spicy flavor, the classic Moscow Mule recipe has a super short ingredient list that includes the following four items:

  • Vodka
  • Ginger Beer
  • Lime
  • Crushed Ice

You probably already have these ingredients in your pantry or home bar. If not, you should be able to secure them at your local market or liquor store.

Bottle of Stolichnaya Vodka
Vodka is the sole alcoholic ingredient in our Moscow Mule recipe. We keep to theme by using Russian vodka whenever possible.

Any generic vodka will work in this Moscow Mule recipe. Accordingly, we recommend using the vodka bottle that you already have in your home bar.

We used Stolichnaya vodka in our recipe in a nod to the cocktail’s dubious Russia connection. Since Stolichnaya is actually produced in Riga, perhaps Smirnoff would have been a more appropriate choice.

Bottle of Fever Tree Ginger Beer
Use your favorite ginger beer when crafting a Moscow Mule. We typically use Fever-Tree ginger beer to craft this and other cocktails.

Fever-Tree is our typical choice when it comes to ginger beer. The company blends fermented ginger root from Cochin, Nigeria and the Ivory Coast to create this spicy yet balanced mixer. We like the way Fever-Tree ginger beer tastes in various cocktails including the Moscow Mule.

Click here to buy Fever-Tree Ginger Beer from Amazon.

How To Make a Moscow Mule

Moscow Mule Mise en Place
Once you assemble your ingredients and tools, you’re ready to craft a Moscow Mule.

Crafting a Moscow Mule at home is both easy and fast. This drink doesn’t require any special tools or equipment beyond the following three items:

Don’t worry if you don’t have all of these items. They’re all easy to procure and you can improvise with other items in a pinch. For example, you could use an angled measuring cup instead of a jigger and a metal straw instead of a spoon.

Click here to discover 10 necessary bar tools for lazy mixologists.

Pouring Vodka for Moscow Mule
You’ll want to carefully measure the ingredients when you craft your first Moscow Mule at home. However, you may feel comfortable winging future cocktails.

The first step in our Moscow Mule recipe is to measure the vodka. We like to use a Japanese jigger to secure accurate measurements and avoid potential spillage.

→ Click here to buy a Japanese jigger if you need a jigger or want an inexpensive upgrade.

Crafting a Moscow Mule
You don’t need a shaker or mixing cup when you craft a Moscow Mule at home. You can and should pour the measured liquids directly into the Moscow Mule Mug.

The second step is to pour the vodka into a Moscow Mule mug. If you don’t have one of these special copper mugs, you can use a highball glass instead.

Pouring Ginger Beer into Moscow Mule
Ginger beer gives the Moscow Mule it spicy flavor. Make sure you use ginger beer made with real ginger.

After you measure and pour cold ginger beer and fresh lime juice into your mug or glass, all that’s left to do is stir and add crushed ice cubes. If you have a metal straw, you can use it in lieu of a mixing spoon.

Optional garnishes include lime wheels and mint springs. We like to garnish our Moscow Mules with lime wheels sliced from the same lime that we use for the lime juice.

Pro Tip
Slice your lime wheels BEFORE you squeeze the lime juice.

Moscow Mule Alternatives

Moscow Mule Mixing Station
And go! It’s time to experiment with mules.

Once you experience how easy it is to craft a Moscow Mule at home, it’s a slippery slope before you raid your liquor cabinet to experiment with other liquors. Here are some ideas to get you started on your mule mixology journey:

  • Replace the vodka with rum to craft a Dark & Stormy.
  • Replace the vodka with gin to craft a Gin-Gin Mule.
  • Replace the vodka with whiskey to craft an Irish Mule.
  • Replace the vodka with bourbon to craft a Kentucky Mule.
  • Replace the vodka with tequila to craft a Mexican Mule.
  • Add watermelon chunks to craft a Watermelon Moscow Mule.

Moscow Mule Recipe

Moscow Mule with Two Straws

Moscow Mule

Yield: 1
Prep Time: 3 minutes
Total Time: 3 minutes

The Moscow Mule is classy, cool and incredibly easy to make at home. Craft one today in just three minutes.


  • 2 ounce vodka
  • 4 ounces ginger beer
  • 1/2 ounce lime juice, freshly squeezed
  • crushed ice
  • lime wheel for garnish (optional)
  • mint sprig (optional)


  1. Pour vodka, ginger beer and lime juice into a copper mug.
  2. Stir with a cocktail spoon or metal straw.
  3. Fill mug with crushed ice.
  4. Optional - Garnish with a lime wheel and/or a mint sprig.


  • You can use a highball glass if you don't have a copper mug.
  • Adjust the vodka/ginger beer ratio if you want a boozier cocktail or the opposite.
Nutrition Information:
Yield: 1 Serving Size: 1
Amount Per Serving: Calories: 311Total Fat: 1gSaturated Fat: 0gTrans Fat: 0gUnsaturated Fat: 1gCholesterol: 0mgSodium: 43mgCarbohydrates: 26gFiber: 9gSugar: 14gProtein: 5g

Nutrition Disclosure: We used an online calculator to calculate this information. Though has attempted to secure accurate data, these nutritional figures are estimates.

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About the Authors

About the Authors

Daryl & Mindi Hirsch

Saveur Magazine’s BEST TRAVEL BLOG award winners Daryl and Mindi Hirsch share their culinary travel experiences and recipes on the 2foodtrippers website and YouTube. The married Food and Travel content creators live in Lisbon, Portugal.


We update our articles regularly. Some updates are major while others are minor link changes and spelling corrections. Let us know if you see anything that needs to be updated in this article.


Friday 17th of September 2021

Try Skye peach-flavored vodka in your Mule. Great taste!

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