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Hunan Chicken Stir Fry with Green Beans Recipe

Stir frying doesn’t have to be a mystery. We show you how to make a great version of Hunan chicken with green beans. With just a few moves of the knife, a little organization and a decent wok, you too can make a great Chinese style stir fry at home.

Finished Bowl of Hunan Chicken

Most Americans are familiar with Sichuan food. The cuisine from China’s Southwestern province is famous for its combination of chili fire and numbing heat. We can taste what’s called the Ma La profile in dishes like Dan Dan Mian (Dan Dan Noodles), Ma Po Tofu and Sichuan Hotpot in cities around the world.

But what about Hunan Cuisine?

The country’s central province may provide the answer for those who want to enjoy their Asian food with a generous amount of chili heat and a pleasant touch of sourness but without the numbing of Sichuan pepper. However, for those like us who are yet to visit Hunan, the province remains a bit of an enigma relegated to American Chinese restaurant names and menu items.

Fun Fact
We’ve eaten our way through China twice in cities like Bejing, Chengdu, Hangzhou, Shanghai and Xi’An. Next time, we re eating in Changsha or another Hunan city too.

Hunan Chicken on a Wooden Spoon
Our Hunan Chicken Stir Fry is easy to cook at home. It’s also a crowd pleaser.

Our Journey to Hunan Food

After two trips to China, our unrelenting Chinese food obsession has been fueled by all sorts of media in books, on the web and especially on YouTube. Part of this exploration has involved watching one of our favorite Chinese chefs, Wang Gang, explore Hunan with the goal of understanding a classic dish of the province – Hunan Blood Duck. (Be warned, this video and, especially the video recipe that follows it, are graphic.)

Yes. Your eyes are not mistaken. This famous Hunan dish features a whole duck, bones and all, stir fried and served in a sauce made with duck blood. The dish is fascinating, purely Chinese and something we would never encourage anyone to cook at home.

That being said, we always walk away from these lessons with ideas on how to compose dishes to suit our western palates. In this case, we were fascinated by the way that Hunan chefs cut long beans into half inch cylinders. We were also intrigued by the concept of dry frying, a simple seasoning technique that conveys spices more directly than via a liquid sauce.

Dry Stir Fry of Hunan Chicken
A little knowledge goes a long way when it comes to cooking Chinese food at home. The keys are to have a good carbon steel wok and an Asian pantry.

Using that knowledge, we decided to create a simpler, more accessible dish.

Our goal was to develop a spicy dish that we could make any day of the week. We decided to use chicken, a protein that’s readily available around the world and typically less expensive than duck.

To cook this dish in true Chinese fashion, we followed Chef Wang’s lead as well as the ‘shape rule’; however, we cooked our protein without bones to make the dish more enjoyable to western eaters like us.

The end result is a simple, spicy dish with no blood necessary. We call it Hunan Chicken Green Bean Stir Fry and it tastes great.

The Shape Rule

Hunan Chicken Close Up
Following the Chinese food shape rule results in a dish that looks good and is fun to eat. .

The shape rule is a Chinese cuisine principle which ensures that dishes have a unifying appearance. It’s zen, with certain vegetables and proteins providing yin to the accompanying yang.

Since we cut the green beans or long beans up into small cylinders in this spicy Hunan Chicken recipe, we also dice the chicken breast into a similar shape. The combination creates a uniformity that looks fantastic over rice and is both wonderful and fun to eat with chopsticks.

Hunan Chicken Ingredients

Raw Ingredients for Hunan Chicken
Our Hunan Chicken recipe requires 16 ingredients. You likely have many of them in your pantry if you’re a fan of cooking Asian food at home.

You’ll need the following ingredients for this recipe:

  • Chicken Breast – Boneless & Skinless
  • Chinese Chili Powder
  • Chinkiang Vinegar – Black
  • Fresh Thai Chilies
  • Garlic
  • Ginger
  • Green Beans or Chinese Long Beans
  • Salt
  • Scallions
  • Shaoxing Wine
  • Soy Sauce – Dark
  • Soy Sauce – Light
  • Vegetable Oil
  • White Pepper
  • White Sugar
  • MSG (optional)

While this recipe’s ingredient list may seem extensive, most of the required items are key elements of any Chinese pantry. Once you buy everything for this recipe, you’ll be well on your way to creating a Chinese panty in your kitchen.

Chicken

Raw Boneless Skinless Chicken Breast
One chicken breast goes a long way in this recipe.

Although chicken is the primary ingredient in this recipe, we only use one boneless skinless chicken breast. Since the dish is served with rice, one chicken breast easily stretches to feed two people.

Pro Tip
You can substitute two boneless skinless chicken thighs if you prefer dark meat.

Green Beans

Raw String Beans
Fresh green beans add both color and crunch to this recipe.

Traditionally, this type of dish would be cooked with Chinese long beans in Hunan. Indeed, when we initially developed this dish, we made it with long beans too.

However, we appreciate that long beans aren’t readily available around the world. With that in mind, we made our next rendition with green beans and were pleased with the results.

Flavors – Sweet, Sour, Spicy and Umami

Four Chinese Sauces in Prep Bowls
Sweet, sour and umami flavors harmoniously combine in Chinese dishes. Hunan style Chicken is no exception.

Most Chinese stir fries feature four elements of flavor – sweet, sour, spicy and umami.

While Hunan dishes don’t have the numbing flavors we normally associate with Sichuan cuisine, they can be spicy in their own right. To honor this tradition, we add about a quarter teaspoon of Chinese chili flake to our stir fry. We also add red Thai chilies for a burst of fresh heat.

Our Hunan style chicken gets its sweetness from sugar and its sour acidity from a good amount of black vinegar. While we’ve omitted elements like chili bean paste and oyster sauce, the stir fry dish achieves a level of mild umami from dark and light soy sauces.

We also deglaze our wok with Shaoxing wine because that’s we we do when we stir fry Chinese food in a wok. The cooking wine has a salty, slightly metallic flavor. We would never drink the stuff but it adds a distinctive flavor that we like in this and other Chinese dishes.

Sauces and seasonings

Four Sauces used in Chinese Stir Fry
Light soy sauce, dark soy sauce, Shaoxing wine and Chinkiang vinegar provide the basis for any Chinese pantry. They’re also key ingredients in this recipe.

Just because we’re ‘dry frying’ doesn’t mean we’re not using any sauces. We’re just using less.

Our recipe for Hunan chicken calls for a combination of Shaoxing wine (which also deglazes the wok), dark soy sauce for color, light soy sauce, a generous amount of Chinkiang vinegar, sugar to balance the acidity of the vinegar, salt, MSG (optional) and white pepper.

Mirepoix

Mirepoix for Hunan Chicken
Garlic, ginger and scallion form the mirepoix in this recipe.

Just like in French kitchens and in other western cuisines, many Chinese recipes start with a “mirepoix” – a base of ingredients that give the dish a base of flavor.

In this recipe, we stir fry a combination of the white part of the scallions, crushed and coarsely minced ginger and minced garlic to create the mirepoix.

Chilies

Fresh Chili and Chili Flake
Adding small amounts of chili gives this dish the spicy Hunan flavor we crave.

We like to use a combination of Chinese chili powder for heat and Thai chilies for freshness. You can modify the amount of each depending on your tolerance and preference for piquancy.

Mise en Place

Mis en Place for Hunan Chicken
It’s ‘wok and roll’ time once you assemble the Mise en Place.

With wok-ery comes speed.

When all your raw ingredients are ready to cook, you have to move fast. In other words, you can’t chop garlic when your chicken is cooking. Due to the high heat, you literally have mere seconds to move from step to step.

The fun begins once you start cooking and the heat hits the wok with occasional flames jumping from the stove. When we say everything must be prepped, we mean everything.

Click here to buy a carbon steel wok and wok tools.

How to Make Stir Fried Hunan Chicken with Green Beans

Chicken on Chopsticks
While stir frying this dish is fun, the best part is eating it fresh out of the wok.

Once you assemble the Mise en Place, the first step is to dice and marinate the chicken breast.

You’ll want to dice the chicken into ½” cubes before marinating the cubes in a combination of small amounts of dark and light soy sauces, Shaoxing wine, Chinkiang (black) vinegar, salt, MSG and white pepper.

Pro Tip
Omit the MSG if you’re sensitive to the controversial flavor enhancer.

Stirring in Marination for Chicken
We always make sure to coat all of the chicken cubes with marinade.

The next step is to brown the chicken cubes and remove them from the wok.

Put the chicken aside as it will be added later to the finished stir fry.

String Beans cut in small cylinders
We use a chef knife to chop our green beans.

Next, cut the woody end off your green beans and cut the beans into ½” pieces. Are you noticing a pattern here???

Pro Tip
You can blanch the green beans in boiling water for a couple of minutes if you wish. But, due to the small cut of the beans, raw green beans will cook thoroughly enough in the finished stir fry.

Mis en Place at Stove for Hunan Chicken
Organization is key in this and every stir fry recipe. These ingredients are all assembled and ready to go next to our stove.

You’re now ready to assemble all of your ingredients so that they’re in close proximity to the wok. This is the Mis en Place that we explain above. Now comes the real fun!

Treating the Wok before cooking
We always put our stove exhaust fan to good use when we stir fry in a wok.

Heat the wok. Once it’s smoking, remove it from the heat and condition it with a layer of cool oil.

You’ll next add half of the oil to the conditioned wok.

Stir Frying Chicken in Wok
Cooking the chicken until it browns is the goal in this step.

Place the wok over high heat and, once the oil is smoking, add the chicken.

Cook the chicken until the edges are brown and then remove the chicken from the wok using a perforated or slotted spoon.

Pro Tip
Remove as little of the oil from the wok as possible.

Mirepoix and Chili in Wok
It’s also the goal when cooking the mirepoix.

If the wok looks dry, add one tablespoon of the oil. Add the scallions, ginger and garlic and cook until the mirepoix is browned on the edges. Next, add the Thai chili and Chinese chili powder.

Pro Tip
Be careful not to breathe in too hard as the chili can be harsh on your senses. In other words, you might start coughing.

Deglazing the Wok with Xiaoxing Wine
Don’t be alarmed by smoke. It’s common when cooking this dish in a carbon steel wok.

Deglaze the pan with Shaoxing wine.

Next, add the light and dark soy sauces, the vinegar, the salt, the MSG and the white pepper.

Dry Stir Fry of Hunan Chicken
Voila! This dish looks great even in the wok.

Add the chopped green beans and cook for about two minutes or until they’re tender.

Return the chicken to the wok and cook, frequently stirring, until the chicken is cooked through.

Bowl of Hunan Chicken with Bowl of White Rice
It’s chow time! We like to eat this dish with white rice and recommend that you do the same.

Serve with white rice and garnish with chopped scallions. Eat with chopsticks if that’s your thing. Otherwise, use a spoon so that you don’t miss any bits or bites.

Hunan Chicken Stir Fry Recipe

Chicken on Chopsticks

Hunan Chicken Stir Fry with Green Beans

Yield: 2 Servings
Prep Time: 1 hour
Cook Time: 15 minutes
Total Time: 1 hour 15 minutes

Our Hunan Chicken brings the heat! Follow our recipe and the shape rule to create an elegant, spicy stir fry that provides tasty morsels with every grab of the chopstick.

Ingredients

For the Stir Fry

  • 1/2 pound boneless, skinless chicken breast cut into 1/2 inch cubes
  • 1/2 pound string beans, trimmed and cut into 1/2 inch cylinders
  • 1/4 teaspoon Chinese chili powder
  • 2 small red fresh Thai chili peppers, minced
  • 4 garlic cloves, minced
  • 1 1/2 tablespoons fresh ginger, peeled crushed and minced
  • 2 scallions, white part only, sliced into 1/2 inch cylinders. (Save the green parts for garnish.)
  • 1 tablespoon Chinkiang vinegar a/k/a Chinese black vinegar
  • 1 tablespoon Shaoxing wine
  • 1 tablespoon Chinese light soy sauce
  • 1/2 tablespoon Chinese dark soy sauce
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground white pepper
  • 1/4 teaspoon MSG (optional)
  • 1 teaspoon white granulated sugar
  • 1/4 cup vegetable oil

For the Chicken Marinade

  • 1 teaspoon light soy sauce
  • 1/2 teaspoon dark soy sauce
  • 1/2 teaspoon Shaoxing wine
  • 1/2 teaspoon Chinkiang vinegar (Chinese black vinegar)
  • 1/4 teaspoon of salt (a pinch)
  • 1/4 teaspoon of ground white pepper
  • 1/2 teaspoon of white granulated sugar

Instructions

    1. Combine the marinade ingredients in a bowl. Add the chopped chicken and let the cubes marinate for about 15 minutes

    2. Heat a carbon steel wok over high heat. Once the wok is smoking, remove it from the burner, add a tablespoon of the oil and and swirl the oil around to create a nonstick surface. If you have a teflon wok or nonstick pan, you can skip this step. In that case, heat your pan up to medium high and add the oil

    3. Place the wok back on the stove and add one more tablespoon of oil. Once the oil is smoking, add the marinated chicken to the wok. Cook the chicken until it's brown on the edges, about 2 minutes. Remove the chicken from the wok using a perforated or slotted spoon to strain the oil from the chicken back into the wok. Set cooked chicken aside in a bowl to be added later.

    4. If the pan looks dry, add another tablespoon of oil. Add the scallions, ginger, garlic, chili flake and minced Thai chili. Cook until slightly brown and soft, about 2 minutes.

    5. Deglaze the pan by adding the Shaoxing Wine.

    6. Add the light soy sauce, dark soy sauce, Chinkiang vinegar, salt, sugar, MSG, and white pepper. Stir together for about 20 seconds until combined.

    7. Add the last part of the oil, if necessary, and then add the chopped string beans and cook for about 2 minutes until the string beans cook to just under al dente.

    8. Add the chicken back to the wok and stir through until everything is heated and combined about 3 to 5 minutes.

    9. Serve with a bowl of cooked white rice.

Notes

  • Recipe can doubled for four people.
  • You can substitute balsamic vinegar for the Chinkiang vinegar.
  • The MSG is entirely optional.
  • You can substitute Dry White Sherry for the Shaoxing wine.
Nutrition Information:
Yield: 2 Serving Size: Bowl
Amount Per Serving: Calories: 529Total Fat: 32gSaturated Fat: 3gTrans Fat: 1gUnsaturated Fat: 27gCholesterol: 96mgSodium: 1912mgCarbohydrates: 20gFiber: 5gSugar: 9gProtein: 40g

Nutrition Disclosure: We used an online calculator to calculate this information. Though 2foodtrippers.com has attempted to secure accurate data, these nutritional figures are estimates.

Hungry for More Chinese Food?

Check out our Yangzhou Fried Rice recipe.

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About the Authors

About the Authors

Daryl & Mindi Hirsch

Saveur Magazine’s BEST TRAVEL BLOG award winners Daryl and Mindi Hirsch share their culinary travel experiences and recipes on the 2foodtrippers website and YouTube. The married Food and Travel content creators live in Lisbon, Portugal.

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